Iliotibial Band Syndrome
A definition of ITB Syndrome
Iliotibial Band Syndrome is the excessive friction between your Iliotibial band and your knee or hip bone. This friction begins to cause a sharp pain on either the side of your knee or the side of your hip. An increase in running or biking too fast is the most common cause, while weight lifting and court sports (tennis, racquetball, etc.) can also contribute to ITBS. Some of the more common reasons of why ITBS will occur include foot structure, leg length distance, excessive shoe breakdown and muscle imbalances. Those individuals experiencing pain, should immediately stop running to prevent further inflammation, ice the area, take an anti-inflammatory to reduce swelling and message the section across the thighs and calves, always going side to side not up and down.
After those steps have been taken, it is important to see your doctor or therapist to confirm that you do indeed have ITBS. You may also want to look into getting orthotics and new running shoes if they are worn down on the outside of the heel. If the condition persists, surgery is also an option. Post surgery, you may experience a limited range of motion in your knee going. If so, you may want to consider wearing a dynamic splint as part of your knee rehabilitation.
For more information, view this case study on Iliotibial Band Syndrome (PDF).